European Credit Transfer System
The workload of students in higher education in the Netherlands is expressed in terms of ECTS credits. ECTS, the European Credit Transfer System, is the most widely known credit transfer and accumulation system in Europe.
ECTS credits are a value allocated to course units to describe the student workload required to complete them. They reflect the quantity of work each module requires in relation to the total quantity of work required to complete a full year of academic study at the institution, that is, lectures, practical work, seminars, private work - in the laboratory, library or at home - and examinations or other assessment activities.
ECTS credits are also allocated to work placements and to thesis preparation when these activities form part of the regular programme of study at both the home and host institutions. ECTS credits are allocated to modules and are awarded to students who successfully complete those modules by passing the examinations or other assessments.
In ECTS, 60 credits represent one year of study (in terms of workload); normally 30 credits are given for six months (a semester). In Dutch higher education, each ECTS credit represents 28 hours of work.