Formal learning can be defined as: learning within an organized and structured context that is explicitly designated as learning and may lead to a formal recognition. Learning is primarily intentional. Knowledge is mainly explicit. Formal learning takes place in the Conservatoire.
Non formal learning or education can be defined as any organized educational activity outside the established formal system (think of projects, workshops, lessons at the public music school etc.).
Informal learning refers to acquiring musical skills and knowledge outside formal educational settings. Learning experiences can include interactions with other musicians who do not act as teachers as such or by development of self-teaching techniques.
Links between formal, non-formal and informal education and learning are critical for a conceptual framework of Lifelong Learning.