Green gas (biogas) is a natural gas produced in a sustainable manner from biomass, manure, sewage, municipal waste, green waste, plant material, and crops. Biogas can be used as a fuel in any country for any heating purpose, from power plant to cooking. If upgraded, the green gas has the same qualities as fossil natural gas and might be transported via grids and used as a fuel for vehicles
Green gas might play an important role in helping to reduce the global climate change. Normally, manure that is left to decompose releases two main gases that cause global climate change: nitrogen dioxide and methane. By converting cow manure into methane biogas instead of letting it decompose, it is possible to reduce global warming gases by ninety-nine million metric tons or four percent.
However, the growing production of the biogas electric power supply brings several challenges. For instance, energy crops for biogas production require large agricultural areas, what causes new competitions with the food industries that did not exist yet. Moreover new industries and markets were created in predominately rural regions entailing different new players with an economic, political and civil background. The students, under supervision of their coach Ms Beata Kviatek, will focus on identification and study of these and other public issues and will advice how to meet the arising challenges with the help of public affairs.